While, in some circumstances, partnership partnerships bring clear benefits, there may be risks that partnerships will become a paper exercise, unless there is an appropriate buy-in throughout the supply chain and ineffective “comfortable” relationships develop. Some criticisms also focus on the fact that large partnership contracts can exclude small businesses and thus hinder innovation. Partnership agreements include the PPC2000 Project Partnership Contract, the TPC2005 Partnership Contract, the NEC Partnership Contract and the addition of ICE Partnership. Within the framework of the partnership agreement, individuals undertake that each partner will contribute to the activity. .